Is violent resistance ever justified? | The Tylt

Is violent resistance ever justified?

In his approach to black liberation, civil rights leader Malcolm X famously differed from Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. While Dr. King based his resistance on the methods of Mahatma Gandhi, arguing "for practical as well as moral reasons, nonviolence offers the only road to freedom for my people," Malcolm X believed self-defense was justified in the face of centuries of violence: "We want freedom by any means necessary." Is violent resistance ever justified?

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For most of Malcolm X's life, he did not identify with Dr. Martin Luther King or the mainstream civil rights movement, and frequently critiqued them both. As a Black nationalist and separatist, he saw the doctrine of nonviolence as a way to manipulate African-Americans into being defenseless: "I don’t think when a man is being criminally treated, that some criminal has the right to tell that man what tactics to use to get the criminal off his back."

"The history of unpunished violence against our people clearly indicates that we must be prepared to defend ourselves, or we will continue to be a defenseless people at the mercy of a ruthless and violent, racist mob." 
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Dr. Martin Luther King, on the other hand, rejected what he called "the hatred and despair of the black nationalist." He saw civil disobedience as the swiftest and most effective way to achieve civil rights and dismantle the oppression of black people in America.

"This is no time for romantic illusions about freedom and empty philosophical debate. This is a time for action. What is needed is a strategy for change, a tactical program which will bring the Negro into the main stream of American life as quickly as possible. So far, this has only been offered by the nonviolent movement."
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Activists such as John Lewis, a King contemporary who was beaten severely during the civil rights struggle, still believe nonviolence is the key to lasting change and liberation.

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And Gandhi famously ended centuries of British rule in India without firing a single shot.

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Still, others say that preaching peaceful resistance is just a back-door way of stifling rebellion.

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FINAL RESULTS
Politics
Is violent resistance ever justified?
#PeacefulProtest
A festive crown for the winner
#ByAnyMeansNecessary